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Pakistan and China’s air forces commence large-scale aerial warfare exercises, the tenth iteration of the Shaheen Exercises

The exercises focus on actual combat operations against common near-peer adversary using interoperable integrated forces, and train for OCA, DCA, SEAD, DEAD, AD, CAP, OECM, EW, AEWACS and CAS missions.




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The PAF will ultimately have two mutually exclusive interoperability capabilities: PLAAF and TurAF. And, each comes with its own set of gadgets, doctrines, mind-sets, perceptions etc. It's an achievement way way beyond the PAF's call of duty....

Cry Hindutva cry....

*Today is September 6. Six decades back few young and restless PAF pilots under their forever-young Chief showed to the world what a determined and motivated force can achieve against its 3x larger nemesis.
How valuable are these exercises from the Chinese perspective?

Since PAF historically has been a well-performing air force utilising superior Western tactics proven in combat
The successful induction and operationalization of the J-10C fighter jets in PAF's fighter fleet and their participation in an international exercise in an unprecedented short span of time is a remarkable achievement.

The feat has been achieved in lines with modernization plan of Air Chief Marshal Zaheer Ahmed Baber Sidhu, Chief of the Air Staff, Pakistan Air Force, premised on smart inductions and focused indegenization. The participation of these fighter jets in Exercise Shaheen-X marks a significant milestone in PAF's journey towards a technologically advanced and formidable air force.

The rapid acquisition and operationalization of these advanced aircraft showcases PAF's dedication to maintaining a cutting-edge force, capable of meeting evolving challenges and defending Pakistan's airspace with utmost proficiency.

As the Sino-Pak Joint Annual Air Exercise Shaheen-X is in full swing in in the Jiuquan and Yinchuan cities of Northwest China, the exceptional event highlights the dedication and capabilities of the Pakistan Air Force, demonstrating its commitment to fostering mutual learning and collaboration with allied countries.

The Shaheen-X exercise in China provide invaluable opportunities for PAF to build upon its operational experience and exchange knowledge with esteemed counterparts from around the world.

During his visit at the Shaheen-X exercise, Air Marshal Abdul Moeed Khan, Deputy Chief of Air Staff Air Defence, Pakistan Air Force, expressed his admiration for the enthusiasm and dedication exhibited by the PAF contingent participating in the air exercise.

He emphasized the significance of these exercises in achieving common objectives while addressing the evolving dynamics of air warfare in the face of shared security challenges. Deputy Chief of Air Staff Air Defence commended the People’s Liberation Army Air Force on the successful execution of the exercise while further strengthening the existing partnership between the key allies and bolstering interoperability amongst the two Air Forces.

The exercise serve as a platform to foster greater understanding, cooperation, and friendship between Pakistan and its international partners, contributing to regional stability and security. Pakistan Air Force remains dedicated to its mission of safeguarding the skies, strengthening international alliances, and promoting peace through mutual cooperation.
How valuable are these exercises from the Chinese perspective?

Since PAF historically has been a well-performing air force utilising superior Western tactics proven in combat

PAF pilots are obviously very skilled and use unorthodox tactics even when they are at a disadvantage. In a recent podcast it has been revealed that in some of the earlier Shaheen exercises, PAF pilots flying J-7 or Mirage used a tactic for fooling aircraft radar to get within visual range of J-10A/J-11B, at times scoring kills despite flying inferior platforms. After J-10C and J-16 started joining the exercise, however, said tactics are no longer effective in fooling AESA radar, leading to massive kills against the Thunders and legacy fighters. This probably contributed partly to the J-10C acquisition.

The most important aspect of the latest Shaheen exercise is the level of interoperability on display. I don't believe that Pakistan sent AWACs or much support gear this time around, because Thunders and J-10C are datalinked with KJ-500/KJ-200 and can share data with all extant PLAAF fighter aircraft. Maintenance and munitions can also be provided by PLAAF, and based on some of the photos the J-10CP pilots used PLAAF HMDS directly without any problem. This can be invaluable during times of war.

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